history of state creations in nigeria from 1967 till date

36 States in Nigeria And States They Share Boundaries With In Terms of Local Trade

Last updated on August 5th, 2023 at 09:13 pm


Nigeria houses 36 federating states that are also interwoven by boundaries. No state lives in isolation, they are interconnected with one other.

The inter-connectivity of the states which make Nigeria as one plays a significant role in the promotion of local trade and business.

In one of our guides, we shared with you 15 states in Nigeria that share international boundaries with other African countries and how it could promote cross-border trade.


When it is internal boundaries among the states, then we’ll be talking about local trade (more to come on that)

Nigerian States and Their Neighbours

States Neighbouring States Comment
  1. Imo
  2. Anambra,
  3. Enugu,
  4. Ebonyi.
  5. Cross River
  6. Akwa Ibom
  7. Rivers
  1. Borno
  2. Gombe
  3. Taraba
It shares an international boundary with Cameroon
Akwa Ibom
  1. Cross River
  2. Rivers
  3. Abia
It’s very close to the Atlantic Ocean
  1. Delta
  2. Imo
  3. Rivers
  4. Enugu
  5. Kogi
  1. Kano
  2. Jigawa
  3. Taraba
  4. Plateau
  5. Gombe
  6. Yobe
  7. Kaduna
The state boasts of major wildlife park like Sumu Wildlife Park. It has two distinctive vegetation zones: Sudan savannah and the Sahel savannah.
  1. Rivers
  2. Delta
It is dominated by the Ijaw. The state houses beautiful waters of the Atlantic Ocean in its southern borders
  1. Nasarawa
  2. Taraba
  3. Kogi
  4. Enugu
  5. Ebonyi
  6. Cross River
It also has an international border with Cameroon to the South-East.
  1. Adamawa
  2. Yobe
  3. Gombe
It has the highest number of land borders with foreign countries in Nigeria
Cross River
  1. Benue
  2. Ebonyi
  3. Abia
  4. Akwa Ibom
It also shares borders with Cameroon and a beatiful views to the Atlantic Ocean
  1. Edo
  2. Anambra
  3. Imo
  4. Rivers
  5. Bayelsa
It has a lot of coastline
  1. Benue
  2. Enugu
  3. Imo
  4. Abia
  5. Cross River
It is dominated by Igbo ethnic group
  1. Kogi
  2. Anambra
  3. Delta
  4. Ondo
  1. Ondo
  2. Kwara
  3. Kogi
  4. Osun
  1. Abia
  2. Imo
  3. Ebonyi
  4. Benue
  5. Kogi
  6. Anambra
  1. Yobe
  2. Borno
  3. Adamawa
  4. Bauchi
  5. Taraba
  1. Abia
  2. Delta
  3. Anambra
  4. Rivers
  1. Yobe
  2. Bauchi
  3. Kano
  4. Katsina
  1. Zamfara
  2. Katsina
  3. Kano
  4. Bauchi
  5. Plateau
  6. Nassawara
  7. Niger
 Kaduna also shares borders with the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja
  1. Katsina
  2. Jigawa
  3. Bauchi
  4. Kaduna


It has the highest number of local governments (44) in Nigeria
  1. Zamfara
  2. Kano
  3. Jigawa
  4. Kaduna
  1. Sokoto
  2. Niger
  3. Zamfara
It also shares international boundaries African countries
  1. Benue
  2. Edo
  3. Ondo
  4. Ekiti
  5. Kwara
  6. Enugu
  7. Anambra
  8. Nasarawa
  9. Niger
  10. Abuja
Kogi has the highest number of boundaries with other states in Nigeria. It shares 10 land borders with other state.
  1. Niger
  2. Kogi
  3. Ekiti
  4. Osun
  5. Oyo
It shares boundaries with the Republic of Benin
Lagos Ogun state while others are covered by the Atlantic ocean It shares an international border with Benin Republic
  1. Kaduna
  2. Kogi
  3. Benue
  4. Abuja (FCT)
  5. Taraba
  6. Plateau
  1. Kebbi
  2. Zamfara
  3. Kaduna
  4. Kogi
  5. Kwara
  6. Abuja (FCT)
Niger is the largest state in Nigeria in terms of landmass
  1. Lagos
  2. Oyo
  3. Osun
  4. Ondo
It shares diplomatic border with the Republic of Benin
Ondo 1) Ondo

2) Kogi

3) Edo

4) Osun

5) Delta

Part pf the state is covered by the Atlantic ocean. It is one of the oil-producing states in Nigeria
Osun 1) Kwara

2) Ekiti

3) Ondo

4) Ogun

5) Oyo

Oyo 1) Kwara

2) Osun

3) Ogun

Plateau 1) Bauchi

2) Kaduna

3) Nasarawa

4) Taraba

Rivers 1) Imo

2) Abia

3) Anambra

4) Akwa Ibom

5) Bayelsa

6) Delta

Sokoto 1) Zamfara

2) Kebbi

Taraba 1) Nasarawa

2) Benue

3) Plateau

4) Bauchi

5) Gombe

6) Adamawa

Yobe 1) Bauchi

2) Borno

3) Gombe

4) Jigawa

Zamfara 1) Kaduna

2) Katsina

3) Sokoto

4) Niger state

FCT, Abuja 1) Kaduna

2) Niger state

3) Nassarawa

4) Kogi

Abuja is the administrative headquarters of Nigeria

How Nigeria’s Inter-State Boundaries Enhance Local Trade

Local trade is business transactions within a geographical territory within a country among the states or regions that make up the country.

It involves buying and selling between states, towns, or villages that involve the use of the country’s currency as a medium of transaction. In local trade, the national of the national currency e.g Naira isn’t impacted.

In international trade, the foreign exchange comes into play which could affect the value of the local currency.


Some of the advantages of inter-state boundaries to local trade:

  1. Less transportation cost unlike cross-border trade which requires a huge cost of logistics
  2. It supports local job creation
  3. It enhances the production sector of Nigeria’s economy
  4. Local trade among states in Nigeria reduces dependency on foreign imports.
  5. It encourages inter-state partnership e.g rice production and sales between Kebbi and Lagos State governments.
Also Read:  4 Easiest Ways To Obtain Medical Report for NYSC Orientation Camp

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