Types of Legislature: Unicameral and Bicameral

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In one of our posts, we pointed out the roles of the legislature in a democratic government to include oversight, legislation, and a platform for debate.

The roles of the law-making organ of government can be carried out by a chamber or two chambers.

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The two types of legislature are unicameral and bicameral and we shall briefly look at their meaning and the countries where they are practised.

Composition of the legislature

When a legislature is made up of a single house of the legislature, it is called unicameralism. It is called bicameralism when there are two houses within a legislature. The composition varies from country to country.

Countries where there is unicameral legislature

The unicameral legislature is practised in over 100 countries around the world. They are:

  1. Niger
  2. Guinea
  3. Tanzania
  4. Togo
  5. Africa
  6. Angola
  7. Benin
  8. Mauritania
  9. Mauritius
  10. Burkina Faso
  11. Guinea-Bissau
  12. Mozambique
  13. Cape Verde
  14. Libya
  15. Malawi
  16. Maldives
  17. Botswana
  18. The Gambia
  19. Ghana
  20. Bangladesh
  21. Brunei
  22. East Timor
  23. Georgia
  24. Iran
  25. Israel
  26. North Korea
  27. South Korea
  28. Kuwait
  29. Kyrgyzstan
  30. Laos
  31. Lebanon
  32. Mongolia
  33. Palestine
  34. Qatar
  35. Saudi Arabia
  36. Singapore
  37. Sierra Leone
  38. Afghanistan
  39. Armenia
  40. Azerbaijan
  41. Sri Lanka
  42. Kiribati
  43. Nauru
  44. New Zealand
  45. Niue
  46. Samoa
  47. Solomon Islands
  48. Syria
  49. Turkey
  50. Vietnam
  51. Albania
  52. Bulgaria
  53. Croatia
  54. Denmark
  55. Estonia
  56. Finland
  57. Greece
  58. Hungary
  59. Iceland
  60. Latvia
  61. Liechtenstein
  62. Norway
  63. Costa Rica
  64. Cuba
  65. Dominica
  66. El Salvador
  67. Guatemala
  68. Honduras
  69. Nicaragua
  70. Panama
  71. Cook Islands
  72. Fiji
  73. Tonga
  74. Tuvalu
  75. Vanuatu
  76. Ecuador
  77. Guyana
  78. Suriname
  79. Lithuania
  80. Luxembourg
  81. Malta
  82. Moldova
  83. Monaco
  84. Montenegro
  85. Portugal
  86. San Marino
  87. Serbia
  88. Slovakia
  89. Sweden
  90. Ukraine
  91. Vatican City
  92. Chad
  93. Djibouti
  94. Eritrea
  95. Mali
  96. Senegal
  97. Tunisia
  98. Uganda
  99. Zambia
  100. Seychelles
  101. Marshall Islands
  102. North Macedonia
  103. Republic of Peru
  104. Papua New Guinea
  105. São Tomé and Príncipe
  106. Central African Republic
  107. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Also Read:  National Identification Number By Country

Countries where there is a bicameral legislature

Over 80 countries including the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia all have bicameral legislatures. They are:

  1. Cameroon
  2. Chile
  3. Colombia
  4. DR Congo
  5. Algeria
  6. Bahamas
  7. Bahrain
  8. Barbados
  9. Belarus
  10. Belize
  11. Bhutan
  12. Bolivia
  13. Burundi
  14. Cambodia
  15. Congo
  16. Eswatini
  17. Ivory Coast
  18. Jamaica
  19. Japan
  20. Jordan
  21. Kazakhstan
  22. France
  23. Gabon
  24. Grenada
  25. Haiti
  26. Indonesia
  27. Ireland
  28. Italy
  29. Kenya
  30. Lesotho
  31. Liberial
  32. Madagascar
  33. Morocco
  34. Myanmar
  35. Namibia
  36. Netherlands
  37. Argentina
  38. Spain
  39. Tajikistan
  40. Thailand
  41. Palau
  42. Oman
  43. Paraguay
  44. Philippines
  45. Polan
  46. Romania
  47. Rwanda
  48. Saint Lucia
  49. Slovenia
  50. Somaliland
  51. South Africa
  52. Turkmenistan
  53. Uruguay
  54. Yemen
  55. Uzbekistan
  56. Zimbabwe
  57. United States
  58. Switzerland
  59. Belgium
  60. Brazil
  61. Somalia
  62. Russsia
  63. Pakistan
  64. Nigeria
  65. Mexico
  66. Nepal
  67. India
  68. Austria
  69. Australia
  70. Malaysia
  71. Germany
  72. Ethiopia
  73. Canada
  74. United Kingdom
  75. Czech Republic
  76. Equatorial Guinea
  77. Dominican Republic
  78. Antigua and Barbuda
  79. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  80. Trinidad and Tobago
  81. Central African Republic

Takeaway:

There are two types of legislature, they are unicameral (one legislative house) and bicameral (two houses of lawmakers).

In another article, we will examine the merits and the demerits of each of the systems in a modern-day democracy.

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Author

  • Opeyemi Quadri

    Ope is a finance writer and researcher with 10+ years of experience in content creation. His interests cut across real estate investment, foreign exchange, government policies and politics. He has a knack for breaking down complex financial concepts in a way that is easy to understand. Ope is available on Twitter @OpeQuadri.

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