9 Major Barite Producing States in Nigeria

Natural Resources in Nigeria’s 36 States And Their Economic Value

Last Updated on November 22, 2021 by Ope Quadri

Apart from crude oil which constitutes over 90 percent of its revenue, Nigeria is blessed with more than 40 natural resources that can be found in different parts of the country.

Quick facts:

Revenue from natural resources in Nigeria
Crude oil Between 1999 to 2019, 10.98Billion barrels of crude oil were produced which brought in $712billions as revenue for Nigeria
Other mineral resources like gold, barite etc Between 2007 to 2019, a total of 456.3Million tonnes of minerals resources were mined in Nigeria which NGN507Billion in revenue.
 (Data: NEITI)

What Are Natural Resources?

Natural resources are resources that exist on earth without any action from mankind which can be put into use for economic gain through mining to make finished products for human use.

Nigeria has abundant of such resources spread across the states in Nigeria which can boost the economic growth of the country if tapped and used in the right way.

Sadly, most of the natural resources have not been fully exploited or under utilized for the economic development of the country. For instance, Nigeria still imports bitumen while Ondo and a few other states have a large deposit that can serve local use and the international market.

Significance of Nigeria’s Natural Resources To Investors

Most times, foreign investors embark on a search where specific mineral resources can be in Nigeria.

Earlier, we published the list of states where barite can be found in Nigeria. Barite is one of the materials used in oil exploration and for other industrial use, pathetically, Nigeria still spends so much on the importation of barite.

Economically, all Nigeria’s 36 states plus the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, are blessed with at least one natural resource. Some states like Kaduna, Nasarawa, Plateau, and Sokoto are blessed with more than 10 natural resources.

According to the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI), Nigeria is blessed with numerous natural resources, they are:

  • Clay
  • Barite
  • Marcasite
  • Bauxite
  • Bismuth
  • Marble
  • Kaolin
  • Salt
  • Molybdenite
  • Gemstone
  • Granite
  • Emeral
  • Fluoride
  • Betonite
  • Cassiterite
  • Tantalite/Columbite
  • Iron-ore
  • Phrochlore
  • Lead/Zinc
  • Wolfram
  • Tin
  • Coal
  • Crude oil
  • Lignite
  • Limestone
  • Uranium
  • Tatium
  • Gypsium
  • Syenite
  • Feldspar
  • Butyles
  • Gold
  • Cassiterite

Natural Resources In Nigeria And Where They Can Be Found

Below is a list of 36 states in Nigeria and the natural resources peculiar to them and their economic importance to Nigeria’s economic growth

States in Nigeria Mineral Resources Uses/Remark
Delta State Clay Used for pottery and decorative products
Glass-sand It is used for making walkways, access road for beautification purposes
Gypsium It is one of the raw materials for cement factory and fertilizer
Iron-ore It used to make steel
Kaolin It is used for making papers
Marble It is used for building monuments and beautification of the exotic edifice. Most of the marble are imported into Nigeria despite the large deposits of natural resource in Nigeria
Lignite Called brown coal, lignite is used for generating electricity. This means Nigeria does not need to rely on Kainji Dam as its main source of power.
Crude oil It is a major source of gas. To fuel cars and to generate electricity. Crude is the oil is the raw material for a lot of industrial uses
Osun State Columbite It is used for making mobile phones, computers and other one of the major raw materials for making a good number of digital products.
Gold It’s used to make expensive jewelry. Nigeria can make billions of dollars by using its raw gold to make finished products rather than depend on the importation of jewelry.

Unfortunately, illegal miners are in control of most of the gold found in Osun State, most especially in the remote areas where there are no presence of government.

Tourmaline Tourmaline serves many incredible purposes even used as healing in some countries, however, Frondel, 1948 noted that it has other industrial uses like pressure gauges and air and water purifiers
Tantalite It is used for metal
Granite It is used for construction materials and ornamental stones
Talc For making paper, plastic etc
Rivers State Clay As above
Lignite
Oil/Gas
Glass-Sand
Marble
Ondo State Clay As above
Bitumen
Coal
Dimension Stones It is used for monuments, furniture and paving. It’s also used as architectural beautification
Feldspar It used for making tiles, glass cup and a lot of other household items
Gemstone For making jewelry and ornaments
Glass-Sand
Granite
Gypsium
Oil/Gas
Limestone
Kaolin
Kogi State Cole
Dolomite It’s one of the major raw materials in the production of glass and ceramics
Feldspar
Iron-ore
Gypsium
Kaolin
Marble
Tantalite
Talc
Crude oil
Gombe Gemstone
Gypsium
Kaduna State Ruby
Clay
Flosper
Sapphire It used to make scientific instruments and window that are durable
Sihnite
Topaz It is used as an alternative to diamond because of its beauty, as such, it’s used for making jewelry
Superntinite
Rock Crystal It used for jewelry, for making glass, and abrasives among others
Mica It’s used to make electronic insulators, gauge glass among other economic value
Aqua Marine
Kaolin
Amethyst
Asbestos
Graphite
Tourmaline
Gemstone
Hyanite
Gold
Tentalime
Kebbi Gold
Katsina State Kaolin
Marble
Salt
Kwara Feldspar
Cassiterite
Columbite
Tantalite
Iron-ore
Gold
Marble
Mica
Cross River Lignite
Uranium
Salt
Lead/Zinc
Barite
Limestone
Manganese
Adamawa State Bentonite
Gypsium
Kaolin
Magnesite
Benue Barite
Iron-Ore
Limestone
Marble
Lead/Zinc
Gypsium
Salt
Clay
Gemstone
Coal
Nasarawa State Amethyst
Mica
Zireon
Salt
Sapphire
Limstone
Iron-ore
Tourmaline Quartz
Tantalite
Talc
Feldspar
Cassirite
Columbite
Barite
Coking Coal
Dolomite/Marble
Barytex
Galena
Chalcopyrite
Clay
Bayelsa State Lead/Zinc
Clay
Gypsium
Lignite
Uranium
Oil/Gas
Limestone
Maganese
Abia State Lead/Zinc
Gold
Salt
Limestone
Oil/Gas
Plateau State Clay
Barite
Bauxite It is used for making aluminium metal and major raw material for chemical industry, cement etc
Bismuth Used in producing pharmaceutical products. It is used in rubber production and pigments for cosmetics
Marble
Kaolin
Salt
Molybdenite Used for making pencils and other industrial use
Gemstone
Granite
Emeral
Fluoride
Betonite It is used to remove toxic substances from the body as such medical research can be extended into the uses of the clay for pharmaceutical products
Cassiterite It is used for making and polishing compounds and alloys among other industrial use
Tantalite/Columbite
Iron-ore
Phrochlore
Lead/Zinc
Wolfram
Tin
Coal
Akwa Ibom Oil/Gas
Lead/Zinc
Clay
Lignite
Limestone
Uranium It can be used to produce electricity. Some countries use it to build their military defence
Salt
Ekiti State Granite
Tatium
Kaolin
Syenite
Feldspar
Jigawa State Butyles
Bauchi State Gold
Limestone
Wolfram
Cassiterite
Gypsium
Lignite
Iron-ore
Clay
Columbite
Coal
Anambra State Lead/Zinc
Clay
Gypsium
Limestone
Lignite
Phosphate
Salt
Glass-Sand,
Iron-ore
Ebonyi State Salt
Gold
Lead/Zinc
Lagos

 

Crude oil
Bitumen
Clay
Glass-sand
Borno Clay
Bentonite
Diatomite
Gypsium
Hydro-carbon
Limestone
Kaolin
Crude oil
Kano State Copper
Gassiterite
Gemstone
Pyrochinre
Tantalite
Glass-sand
Lead/Zinc
Imo State Lignite
Lead/Zinc
Limestone
Oil/Gas
Phosphate
Salt
Gypsium
Marcasite It used in making one of the most expensive and rare jewelry in history. Only Imo state has Marcasite in Nigeria. It’s yet to be found in any other state except Imo, but it lying there untapped.
Ogun State Phosphate
Bitumen For road construction
Clay
Feldspar
Gemstone
Kaolin
Limestone
Zamfara State Gold The deposits of gold in Zamfara is huge so that it can finance other states in its geopolitical zone if properly harnessed, unfortunately , the state is a hub centre for bandits and illegal miners.
Coal
Cotton
Enugu State Coal The deposits of coal in Nigeria can generate more power than we currently have. Coal is used to generate electric power
Limestone
Lead/Zinc
Edo State Gold
Bitumen
Clay Dolomite
Gypsium
Limestone
Glass-sand
Iron-ore
Marble
Lignite
Oil/Gas
Phosphate
Taraba State Lead/Zinc
Sokoto State Gold
Flakes
Clay
Granite
Gypsium
Phosphate
Potash
Kaolin
Silica Sand
Limestone
Laterite
Salt
Yobe State Soda Ash For making soap, detergents, and for making glass
Tintomite
Niger State Gold
Lead/Zinc
Talc
Oyo State Silimonite
Tantalite
Talc
Dolomite
Gemstone
Aqua Marine
Cassiterite
Clay
Gold
Kaolin
Marble
FCT, Abuja Clay
Cassiterite
Dolomite
Lead/Zinc
Gold
Marble
Tantalite

Which states have the highest number of natural resources in Nigeria?

From the data obtained from NEITI and the ministry of solid minerals, Plateau has the highest number of mineral deposits, the state has 21, followed by another Northern state, Nasarawa which has 20, Kaduna is third on the list with 19 natural resources.

Here is the number of resources each state and FCT have:

  1. Plateau: 21
  2. Nasarawa: 20
  3. Kaduna: 19
  4. Ondo: 12
  5. Sokoto: 12
  6. Edo: 11
  7. Oyo: 11
  8. Kogi: 10
  9. Bauchi: 10
  10. Benue: 10
  11. Anambra: 9
  12. Cross River: 8
  13. Delta: 8
  14. Bayelsa: 8
  15. Borno: 8
  16. Imo: 8
  17. Kwara: 8
  18. Kano: 7
  19. FCT, Abuja: 7
  20. Ogun: 7
  21. Akwa Ibom: 7
  22. Osun: 6
  23. Abia: 5
  24. Ekiti: 5
  25. Rivers: 5
  26. Adamawa: 4
  27. Lagos: 4
  28. Ebonyi: 3
  29. Enugu: 3
  30. Katsina: 3
  31. Niger: 3
  32. Zamfara: 3
  33. Yobe: 2
  34. Gombe: 2
  35. Jigawa: 1
  36. Taraba: 1
  37. Kebbi: 1

Mineral Resources Mining Licence In Nigeria

Licenses for mining of the natural resources are granted by the Federal Ministry of Solid Minerals Development to investors while a certificate of incorporation is granted by the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). You can check our guide on how to register a company in Nigeria.

Recap:

  • Natural resources are God’s creation, which can become economic value as a result of scientific research by mankind.
  • Nigeria is blessed with more than 40 resources
  • Plateau state has the highest concentration of mineral resources in Nigeria.
  • Imo is the only state in Nigeria where marcasite can be found

The resources listed in this article is for investors overseas and at home to tap into by obtaining an operating licence for mining

Featured image:
  • By Premium Times Nigeria

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