Osun State is located in Nigeria and is in the south-west part of the country. Nicknamed the “Land of Virtue” and created on the 27th of August 1991, Osun State is close to the likes of Kwara State (to the north), Ekiti State and Ondo State (to the east), Ogun State (to the South) and Oyo State (to the West).
Quick facts about Osun
- Date of creation: August 27, 1991 by the regime of Gen. Ibrahim Babangida
- Geopolitical zone: South West
- Slogan: The regime of former Governor Rauf Aregbesola changed the motto from State of the Living Spring to “Land of Virtue”
With its capital in Oshogbo, the current governor of Osun State is Adegboyega Oyetola of the All Progressives Congress, alongside his Deputy Benedict Alabi.
Accordingly, to the 2006 national census conducted round the country, there are about 3,416,959 people in the State
The State can boast of one of the best universities in the country – Obafemi Awolowo University. The pre-eminent tertiary institution is situated in the ancient town of Ile-Ifẹ.
Ile-Ifẹ itself is an important early centre of political and religious development as far as the Yoruba ethnic group is concerned.
Apart from Ile-Ifẹ, other other important cities and towns in Osun State are Oke-Ila Orangun, Ilesa, Ila Orangun, Ijebu-Jesa, Ede, Iwo, Ejigbo, Modakeke, Ibokun, Ifetedo, and so on.
The modern Osun State was carved out of the old Oyo State in 1991.
She got her name from the River Osun – the venerated natural spring that is the manifestation of the Yoruba goddess of the same name.
Osun has a state university – Osun State University (Uniosun) that was launched by former governor Olagunsoye Oyinlola.
Uniosun has six campuses (Osogbo, Okuku, Ikire, Ejigbo, Ifetedo, and Ipetu-Ijesha) strategically scattered across Osun .
Some populated cultural events in Osun State include the Ori Oke and Egungun festival in Iragbiji, Olojo in Ife and the Osun Osogbo festival.
Although there are various people from various parts of Nigeria residing in the State, the predominant sub-ethnic groups in Osun are Ife, Ijesha, Oyo, Ibolo and Igbomina of the Yoruba people.
Yoruba and English are the official languages in the State, and there are various religions being practised there.
However, there are a lot of Christians and Muslims in the State since it was established in 1991. In fact, there are some popular religious leaders who hails from the State, including Pastor E.A Adeboye (who is from Ifewara) and Pastor (Dr.) Johnson Ade Odewale of Christ Apostolic church, Calvary Assembly (from Odeomu)
The State government claims to offer services to both Muslims and Christians in Osun, especially through Pilgrims Welfare Boards.
Local Government Areas in Osun State
The State is divided into three federal senatorial districts and has of thirty (30) Local Government Areas (including an Area office at Modakeke.
The 30 Local Government Areas in the State are:
- Atakunmosa East
- Atakunmosa West
- Ede North
- Ede South
- Ife Central
- Ife East
- Ife North
- Ife South
- Ifelodun Ikirun
- Ilesa East
- Ilesa West
- Odo Otin
- Ola Oluwa
Notable People from Osun State
There are numerous famous Nigerians who are from Osun State. Some of them are:
- Enoch Adeboye. General Overseer RCCG.
- Gbenga Adeboye- (1959–2003) was a musician, comedian and radio presenter.
- Toyin Adegbola- AnActress.
- Sheikh Abu-Abdullah Adelabu – Scholar and cleric
- Isiaka Adeleke- (1955–2017) politician.
- Chief Adebisi Akande-Former Governor of Osun State.
- Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola – State Governor.
- Davido – musician
- Daddy Freeze- Radio presenter
- Chief Bola Ige SAN-(1930–2001) Politician and Lawyer.
- Duro Ladipo – actor and dramatist
- Iyiola Omisore – Politician and Engineer
- Prince Olagunsoye Oyinlola-Former Governor of Osun State and Former Military Governor of Lagos State.
Osun State Governors from 1991 till date
Here is a list of Osun State past governors (both military and civilian):
- Leo Segun Ajiborisha was the first military administrator of the State. He was there from August 1991 to January 1992
- Isiaka Adetunji Adeleke: He was the first civilian governor of the State. He came into power on the platform of the SDP in January 1992, and he left in November 1993.
- Anthony Udofia: He was the administrator from December 1993 to August 1996.
- Anthony Obi: He took over from Anthony on the 22nd of August 1996, and left in August 1998
- Theophilus Bamigboye: The military administrator of the State from 1998 to 1999
- Adebisi Akande: The second civilian governor of the State. He served from May 1999 to May 2003.
- Olagunsoye Oyinlola: He succeeded Akande and was the governor from May 2003 to November 2010
- Rauf Aregbesola: Aregbesola was the governor of Osun State from November 2010 to November 2018
- Isiaka Gboyega Oyetola: He is the current governor of the State, having assumed office on November 26, 2018